Rational design of nanomaterials for water treatment

Renyuan Li, Lianbin Zhang, Peng Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

175 Citations (Scopus)


The ever-increasing human demand for safe and clean water is gradually pushing conventional water treatment technologies to their limits. It is now a popular perception that the solutions to the existing and future water challenges will hinge upon further developments in nanomaterial sciences. The concept of rational design emphasizes on 'design-for-purpose' and it necessitates a scientifically clear problem definition to initiate the nanomaterial design. The field of rational design of nanomaterials for water treatment has experienced a significant growth in the past decade and is poised to make its contribution in creating advanced next-generation water treatment technologies in the years to come. Within the water treatment context, this review offers a comprehensive and in-depth overview of the latest progress in rational design, synthesis and applications of nanomaterials in adsorption, chemical oxidation and reduction reactions, membrane-based separation, oil-water separation, and synergistic multifunctional all-in-one nanomaterials/nanodevices. Special attention is paid to the chemical concepts related to nanomaterial design throughout the review.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17167-17194
Number of pages28
Issue number41
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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