Rate coefficients of the Cl + CH3C(O)OCH3→ HCl + CH3C(O)OCH2reaction at different temperatures calculated by transition-state theory with ab initio and density functional theory reaction paths

Ronald Chow, Maggie Ng, Kam Wah Mok, Edmond P F Lee, John M. Dyke

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The complex relationship of computed rate coefficients (k's) with different ab initio/DFT and TST levels was studied. The MEPs, gradients, and Hessians of the title reaction were computed using the MP2 and DFT methods. Electronic energies were improved to the UCCSD(T)-F12x/CBS level, and k's were calculated at the TST, CVT, and ICVT levels with various tunnelling corrections. Although computed microcanonical and tunnelling effects are small, computed kTSTvalues are larger than computed kTST/ZCTand kTST/SCTvalues by 3 orders of magnitude at low temperatures, because computed κ(TST/CAG)values are as small as 6 × 10-4. In some cases, the maximum of the ΔG/s curves at a certain T is far away from the MEP maximum. This raises the question of the range of s to be considered in a VTST calculation and, of a possible scenario, where no maximum on the ΔG curve can be located and hence a breakdown of VTST occurs. For dual-level direct dynamics calculations, different entropic contributions from different lower levels can lead to computed k's, which differ by more than 1 order of magnitude. Matching computed and experimental k values leads to an empirical barrier of 1.34 kcal mol-1for the title reaction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2040-2055
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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