Rapid transit, transit-oriented development, and the contextual sensitivity of land value uplift in Toronto

Christopher Donald Higgins, Pavlos Kanaroglou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Rapid transit projects that increase accessibility should result in a localised land value uplift (LVU) benefit for locations near stations. A rich history of research has tested this hypothesis, generally operationalising transit accessibility by proxy through distance from a transit station. However, a growing body of research has also demonstrated LVU effects from transit-oriented development (TOD) as individuals sort themselves into locations that best match their preferences and willingness to pay. Considering the interdependence of transportation and land use in the urban system, we argue that these benefits create a spatial bundle of TOD goods around transit stations and hypothesise that households are willing to pay a premium for locations in more transit-oriented station catchment areas. Utilising latent class analysis, we quantify station area TOD submarkets. Next, interactions between these submarkets and station proximity in spatial hedonic regressions reveal that TOD is capitalised into land values in Toronto, though the maximum amount and spatial impact area of this capitalisation differs by TOD context.
Original languageEnglish
JournalUrban Studies
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • accessibility
  • hedonic model
  • land value uplift
  • public transport
  • transit-oriented development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Urban Studies

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