Rapid micromixer via ferrofluids

L. M. Fu, C. H. Tsai, K. P. Leong, Chih-yung Wen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Performances of a micromixer based on ferrofluids are predicted numerically. A permanent magnet is used to induce transient interactive flows between a water-based ferrofluid and water. The external magnetic field causes the ferrofluid to expand significantly and uniformly toward miscible water, associated with a great number of extremely fine fingering structures on the interface in the upstream and downstream regions of the microchannel. These pronounced fingering patterns, which mimic the experimental observations of Wen et al. (2009), increase the mixing interfacial length dramatically. Along with the dominant diffusion effects occurring around the circumferential regions of the fine finger structures, the mixing efficiency increases significantly. The mixing efficiency can be as high as 95% within 2.0 s and a distance of 3.0mm from the inlet of the mixing channel, when the applied peak magnetic field is 145.8 Oe. The proposed mixing scheme not only provides an excellent mixing, even in simple microchannel, but also can be easily applied to lab-on-a-chip applications with an external permanent magnet.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-273
Number of pages4
JournalPhysics Procedia
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Ferrofluids
  • Magnet
  • Magnetic field
  • Micromixer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


Dive into the research topics of 'Rapid micromixer via ferrofluids'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this