Randomized double-blind trial comparing low dose and conventional dose of a modified traditional herbal formula Guizhi Fuling Wan in women with symptomatic uterine fibroids

Wei Meng, Wai Ling Lin, Wing Fai Yeung, Yangbo Zhang, Ernest Hung Yu Ng, Yuen Phin Elaine Lee, Zhang Jin Zhang, Jianhui Rong, Lixing Lao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Ethnopharmacological relevance: The herbal formula Guizhi Fuling Wan is one common remedy for treating uterine fibroids (UFs) and the relevant symptoms in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Previous systematic reviews showed that Guizhi Fuling Formula appeared to have additional benefit based on mifepristone treatment in reducing volume of fibroids. Aim of study: To study the efficacy and safety of the conventional dose of a modified herbal formula Guizhi Fuling Wan in patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids in comparison with a sub-effective dose control. Materials and methods: This randomized double-blind, dosage-controlled trial was carried out in an outpatient clinic of traditional Chinese medicine in Hong Kong. Women with symptomatic uterine fibroids diagnosed according to the WHO International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) were recruited and randomly assigned to one of two groups that received modified Guizhi Fuling Wan at either a low dose or the conventional dose on a daily basis for 16 weeks. This study was quality controlled by a data safety monitoring board. The primary outcome was the symptom severity as measured with the Uterine Fibroid Symptom–Quality of Life questionnaire. The secondary outcomes included quality of life, menstrual bleeding (measured on a pictorial blood loss assessment chart), pain severity (measured on the 6-point behavioral rating scale), change in Chinese medicine syndrome score, fibroid volume (measured by magnetic resonance imaging), hemoglobin level, and hormone levels. Results: Seventy-eight women were recruited for this study. Between-groups comparison showed no significant difference at the endpoint for all outcomes except for the Chinese medicine syndrome score; however, at the endpoint, within-group comparison showed significant improvement in both groups relative to baseline in symptom severity, functional influence of pelvic pain, Chinese medicine syndrome score, and fibroid volume and uterus condition on magnetic resonance imaging (p < 0.05).The low-dose group yielded greater endpoint improvement in the Chinese medicine syndrome score than the conventional-dose group (p=0.024). No serious adverse events related to the intervention were noted. Conclusion: Both low-dose and conventional-dose preparations significantly ameliorated uterine fibroid–related symptoms and fibroid volume, although no significant difference was found between the low-dose and conventional-dose groups. The herbal formula GuizhiFuling Wan is safe in women with uterine fibroids.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114676
JournalJournal of Ethnopharmacology
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2022


  • Chinese herbal formula
  • Efficacy
  • Quality of life
  • Symptom severity
  • Uterine fibroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery


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