A reliable correlation between rainfall-runoff enables the local authority to gain more amble time for formulation of appropriate decision making, issuance of an advanced flood forewarning, and execution of earlier evacuation measures. Since a variety of existing methods such as rainfall-runoff modeling or statistical techniques involve exogenous input and different assumptions, artificial neural networks have the potential to be a cost-effective solution, provided that their drawbacks can be overcome. Usual problems in the training with gradient algorithms are the slow convergence and easy entrapment in a local minimum. This paper presents a particle swarm optimization model for training perceptrons. It is applied to forecasting real-time runoffs in Siu Lek Yuen of Hong Kong with different lead times on the basis of the upstream gauging stations or at the specific station. It is demonstrated that the results are both more accurate and faster to attain, when compared with the benchmark backward propagation algorithm.
|Number of pages
|Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
|Published - 1 Dec 2004
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Computer Science
- General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
- Theoretical Computer Science