Radiation-induced temporal lobe necrosis (TLN) is one of the late post-radiotherapy complications in nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) patients. Since NPC is common to have skull base infiltration, irradiation of the temporal lobes is inevitable despite the use of the more advanced intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Moreover, the diagnosis and treatment of TLN remain challenging. In this review, we discuss the diagnosis of TLN with conventional and advanced imaging modalities, onset and predictive parameters of TLN development, the impact of IMRT on TLN in terms of incidence and dosimetric analyzes, and the recent advancements in the treatment of TLN.
- Diagnosis and treatment
- Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
- Radiation induced complication
- Temporal lobe necrosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging