Quasi-Shell-Growth Strategy Achieves Stable and Efficient Green InP Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes

Qianqian Wu, Fan Cao, Sheng Wang, Yimin Wang, Zhongjiang Sun, Jingwen Feng, Yang Liu, Lin Wang, Qiang Cao, Yunguo Li, Bin Wei, Wai Yeung Wong, Xuyong Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Indium phosphide (InP) based quantum dots (QDs) have been known as an ideal alternative to heavy metals including QDs light emitters, such as cadmium selenium (CdSe) QDs, and show great promise in the next-generation solid-state lighting and displays. However, the electroluminescence performance of green InP QDs is still inferior to their red counterparts, due to the higher density of surface defects and the wider particle size distribution. Here, a quasi-shell-growth strategy for the growth of highly luminescent green InP/ZnSe/ZnS QDs is reported, in which the zinc and selenium monomers are added at the initial nucleation of InP stage to adsorb on the surface of InP cores that create a quasi-ZnSe shell rather than a bulk ZnSe shell. The quasi-ZnSe shell reduces the surface defects of InP core by passivating In-terminated vacancies, and suppresses the Ostwald ripening of InP core at high temperatures, leading to a photoluminescence quantum yield of 91% with a narrow emission linewidth of 36 nm for the synthesized InP/ZnSe/ZnS QDs. Consequently, the light-emitting diodes based on the green QDs realize a maximum luminance of 15606 cd m−2, a peak external quantum efficiency of 10.6%, and a long half lifetime of > 5000 h.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200959
JournalAdvanced Science
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2022


  • defect passivation
  • Indium phosphide
  • light-emitting diodes
  • quantum dots
  • quasi-shell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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