Quantifying construction and demolition waste: An analytical review

Zezhou Wu, Tit Wan Yu, Liyin Shen, Guiwen Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

272 Citations (Scopus)


Quantifying construction and demolition (C&D) waste generation is regarded as a prerequisite for the implementation of successful waste management. In literature, various methods have been employed to quantify the C&D waste generation at both regional and project levels. However, an integrated review that systemically describes and analyses all the existing methods has yet to be conducted. To bridge this research gap, an analytical review is conducted. Fifty-seven papers are retrieved based on a set of rigorous procedures. The characteristics of the selected papers are classified according to the following criteria - waste generation activity, estimation level and quantification methodology. Six categories of existing C&D waste quantification methodologies are identified, including site visit method, waste generation rate method, lifetime analysis method, classification system accumulation method, variables modelling method and other particular methods. A critical comparison of the identified methods is given according to their characteristics and implementation constraints. Moreover, a decision tree is proposed for aiding the selection of the most appropriate quantification method in different scenarios. Based on the analytical review, limitations of previous studies and recommendations of potential future research directions are further suggested.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1683-1692
Number of pages10
JournalWaste Management
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Construction and demolition waste
  • Quantification methodology
  • Review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal


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