Cervical cancer is one of most prevalent types of cancer in women and is responsible for 471,000 annual cases worldwide (Cervical Cancer Statistics, 2007). Although a cancer diagnosis was once synonymous with death, 68% of adults diagnosed with cancer today can expect to be alive in five years (Jemal, Siegel, Xu, & Ward, 2010). As a result of widespread screening programs, the majority of cervical cancer cases are being diagnosed in the earlier stages. Because of this early detection, coupled with new and advanced medical treatment, women with cervical cancer now have relatively good five-year survival rates (more than 90% in developed countries [Fayed, 2006]). Some studies have even reported estimated five-year survival rates as high as 100% (Waggoner, 2003). Given the increasing years of survivorship of women with cervical cancer, paying special attention to the impact of cancer and its treatment on quality of life (QOL) is necessary. The concept of QOL is particularly salient for nursing because nurses traditionally are concerned with the holistic perspective of patients, focusing on their survival and QOL (Ferrans, 2005). Consequently, nurses play important roles in maintaining the QOL of cervical cancer survivors. A literature review of QOL in adult cancer survivors revealed that social support improves the psychological domain of QOL and that QOL varies according to the treatment received (Bloom, Petersen, & Kang, 2007). Although cancer survivors may share some common experiences, Bloom et al. (2007) did not provide detailed information about any experiences that are uniquely related to cervical cancer and its treatment. A review of QOL studies by Vistad, Fosså, and Dahl (2006) dealt specifically with long-term cervical cancer survivors, including relevant studies published from 1966-2005. Vistad et al. (2006) reported on the impact of cervical cancer survivorship on QOL, mainly in terms of the physical, psychosocial, and sexual sequelae.
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