Qualitative and quantitative analysis of sesquiterpene lactones in Centipeda minima by UPLC–Orbitrap–MS & UPLC-QQQ-MS

Chi on Chan, Xiu juan Xie, Siu wai Wan, Gao li Zhou, Ailsa Chui ying Yuen, Daniel Kam wah Mok, Si bao Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with high-resolution Orbitrap mass spectrometry (UPLC–Orbitrap–MS) method has been used to identify sesquiterpene lactones in the methanolic extract of Centipeda minima. Fifteen sesquiterpene lactones were tentatively identified based on retention time and accurate mass of external standards or exact accurate mass searching (within 2 ppm) by comparison of some previous isolated sesquiterpene lactones. Meanwhile, a rapid, sensitive, precise, and reliable ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UPLC-QQQ-MS) method has been developed to evaluate the quality of Centipeda minima through a simultaneous determination of five sesquiterpene lactones, namely brevilin A, arnicolide C, arnicolide D, microhelenin C, minimolide F. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a Waters Acquilty UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm × 50 mm, 1.7 μm) with a mobile phase consisting of a) 0.1% formic acid and b) a mixture of acetonitrile and methanol 50:50 v/v under an isocratic elution (42:58) manner. Positive electrospray ionization mode with multiple reaction monitoring was applied for the detection of the five sesquiterpene lactones. Method validation for linearity, accuracy and precision was also carried out. Finally, the method was successfully used for the analysis of 10 batches of Centipeda minima samples collected in China. Brevilin A and arnicolide D were the dominant sesquiterpene lactones in Centipeda minima and could be proposed as suitable markers for the quality control of Centipeda minima.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)360-366
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2019


  • Centipeda minima
  • Qualitative and quantitative analysis
  • Sesquiterpene lactones
  • UPLC-Orbitrap-MS & UPLC-QQQ-MS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Spectroscopy
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this