It is challenging to design effective scheduling algorithms for multimedia transmissions over wireless channels that employ adaptive modulation and coding (AMC). On the one hand, it is desirable for the overall system throughput to be enhanced by taking advantage of multi-user diversity. On the other hand, fairness or QoS guarantees need to be maintained for individual users, especially in the case of multimedia applications that have strict delay requirements. In this paper, we propose a novel scheduling algorithm called QoS-based cross-layer scheduling (QoS-CLS) to achieve a good design tradeoff. To maximize the system throughput, the algorithm takes into account the information on both the physical layer and the data link layer to schedule user transmissions. Using cross-layer information, the scheduling problem is formulated as a Markov Decision Process and the optimal decision policy (based on the channel status, traffic state, and buffer status of each traffic flow) is pre-calculated by linear programming. This policy is then stored in the system for scheduling in real-time. Simulation results show that QoS-CLS can greatly enhance the channel throughput compared to existing algorithms because of its cross-layer QoS consideration and the optimization method. Moreover, it can provide QoS guarantees while achieving efficient resource sharing among different traffic flows.
- Adaptive modulation and coding
- Multimedia transmission
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering