Pyrolysis of anaerobic digested residues in the presence of catalyst-sorbent bifunctional material: Pyrolysis characteristics, kinetics and evolved gas analysis

Arun K. Vuppaladadiyam, Varsha S.S. Vuppaladadiyam, Elsa Antunes, Zenab Baig, Shazia Rehman, S. Murugavelh, Shao Yuan Leu, Ajit K. Sarmah

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


We investigated the potential application of anaerobically digested residues for generating bioenergy in the presence of alkali bifunctional material, sodium zirconate (Na2ZrO3, NZ) using a thermogravimetric analyzer connected to a mass spectrometer. Isoconversional kinetic models, compensation effect and master-plots method were used on data obtained under multiple heating rates (10, 15 and 20 °C min−1) to calculate the activation energy (Eα) and pre-exponential value (A) and reaction mechanism. The average Eα for blend samples C-DSW (NZ mixed with digested municipal solid waste (DSW)), and C-DSM (NZ mixed with digested swine manure (DSM)) were 172.24 and 171.63 kJ mol−1, which were much lower when compared to plain samples, DSW (202.51 kJ mol−1) and DSM (215.22 kJ mol−1). The total gas yields increased by 19.5 and 17.1% for NZ blended samples C-DSW and C-DSM, respectively. In addition, the hydrogen yields also increased by 79 and 44% for C-DSW and C-DSM, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127022
JournalBioresource Technology
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • Bifunctional material
  • Biomass
  • Catalytic pyrolysis
  • Digested residues
  • Thermogravimetric analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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