BiFeO3 (BFO) ceramics were prepared by a modified solid-state-reaction method which adopts a higher heating/cooling rate during the sintering process than usually used. It was found that the calcination temperature Tcal (from 400 to 750°C) does not influence the BFO phase formation, while the sintering temperature Tsin (from 815 to 845°C) dominates the phase purity. The optimum sintering temperature was in the range from 825 to 835°C. The optimized samples exhibit saturated ferroelectric hysteresis loops with a remnant polarization of 13.2 μC/cm 2. The measured piezoelectric coefficient d33 was 45 pC/N. No remnant magnetization was observed in all of the samples. The pyroelectric properties were studied as a function of temperature and frequency. A pyroelectric coefficient as high as 90 μC/m2 K was obtained at room temperature in the optimized sample. An abrupt decrease of the pyroelectric coefficient was observed at temperatures between 70 and 80°C. On the basis of our results, BFO may have the potential for pyroelectric applications.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)