Pushover analysis by one element per member for performance-based seismic design

S. W. Liu, Y. P. Liu, Siu Lai Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Nonlinear static (pushover) analysis is an effective and simple tool for evaluating the seismic response of structures and offers an attractive choice for the performance-based design. As such, it has generally been used in modern design due to its practicality. However, the nonlinear plastic design method consumes extensive computational effort for practical structures under numerous load cases. Thus, an efficient element capturing the nonlinear behavior of a beam-column will be useful. In this paper, the authors propose a practical pushover analysis procedure using a single element per member for seismic design. As an improvement to previous research works, both P and P δ effects as well as initial imperfections in global and member levels are considered. Therefore, the section capacity check without the assumption of effective length is adequate for present design and the conventional individual element design is avoided. The uncertainty of the buckling effects and effective length method can be eliminated and so a more economical design can be achieved. Two benchmark steel frames of three-storey and nine-storey in FEMA 440 were analyzed to illustrate the validity of the proposed method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-126
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2010


  • Performance-based
  • Plastic hinge
  • Pushover analysis
  • Second-order analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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