Protic ionic liquid-based hybrid proton-conducting membranes for anhydrous proton exchange membrane application

Bencai Lin, Si Cheng, Lihua Qiu, Feng Yan, Songmin Shang, Jianmei Lu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

174 Citations (Scopus)


A new type of proton-conducting hybrid membranes were prepared by in situ cross-linking of a mixture of polymerizable oils containing protic ionic liquids (PILs) and silica nanoparticles or mesoporous silica nanospheres. The resultant hybrid membranes are semitransparent, flexible, and show good thermal stability, good and tunable mechanical properties. Incorporation of proper amount of silica fillers significantly increased, the proton conductivity of the membranes, probably due to the ion transport channel or network structures formed in the membranes. However, further addition of silica fillers might block the formed, ion transport, channels and decrease the conductivity of hybrid membranes. Compared with silica nanoparticles, mesoporous silica nanospheres is more effective in enhancing the conductivity and in preventing the release of ionic liquid component from the composite membranes. Under anhydrous conditions, the produced hybrid membranes show proton conductivity up to the order of 1 x 10-2S/cm at 160°C. These properties make this type of PIL-based hybrid membranes suitable for high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1807-1813
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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