Proteomic profiling in extracellular vesicles for cancer detection and monitoring

Vivian Weiwen Xue, Chenxi Yang, Sze Chuen Cesar Wong, William Chi Shing Cho

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are nanometer-size lipid vesicles released by cells, which play essential biological functions in intercellular communication. Increasing evidence indicates that EVs participate in cancer development, including invasion, migration, metastasis, and cancer immune modulation. One of the key mechanisms is that EVs affect different cells in the tumor microenvironment through surface-anchor proteins and protein cargos. Moreover, proteins specifically expressed in tumor-derived EVs can be applied in cancer diagnosis and monitoring. Besides, the EV proteome also helps to understand drug resistance in cancers and to guide clinical medication. With the development of mass spectrometry and array-based multi-protein detection, the research of EV proteomics has entered a new era. The high-throughput parallel proteomic profiling based on these new platforms allows us to study the impact of EV proteome on cancer progression more comprehensively and to describe the proteomic landscape in cancers with more details. In this article, we review the role and function of different types of EVs in cancer progression. More importantly, we summarize the proteomic profiling of EVs based on different methods and the application of EV proteome in cancer detection and monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2000094
JournalProteomics
Volume21
Issue number13-14
Early online date20 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • cancer
  • extracellular vesicles
  • mass spectrometry
  • proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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