Progressive collapse mechanisms investigation of planar steel moment frames under localized fire

B. Jiang, G.-Q. Li, Asif Sohail Usmani

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. In this paper, the possible progressive collapse mechanisms of planar steel frames when one column failed under elevated temperature was studied through extensive case studies. An explicit dynamic solver was adopted, which could continue beyond local element buckling. The effects of analysis parameters such as mesh size and loading speed were investigated. And the numerical model was validated against experimental data and analysis results of other researchers. The investigated parameters included beam cross-sectional size, load ratio and location of heated column. Three progressive collapse mechanisms were found, namely, cantilever beam mechanism, pull-in force induced mechanism and high load ratio member failure mechanism, of which the last one is a new discovery. To evaluate progressive collapse of planar steel frames under fire, the cantilever beam mechanism and the pull-in force induced mechanism should be checked when the outer columns are heated, and the pull-in force induced mechanism and the high load ratio member failure mechanism need to be checked when the inner columns are heated. And the most adverse fire scenarios of a planer steel moment frame are when one of the following columns is heated: first floor column of the outmost, second and third outmost column lines or top floor column of the outmost, second and third outmost column lines.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4305
Pages (from-to)160-168
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - 26 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Dynamic explicit method
  • Fire
  • Progressive collapse mechanism
  • Steel frame

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

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