Production of high antioxidant activity flavonoid monoglucosides from citrus flavanone with immobilised α-L-rhamnosidase in one step

Aolu Liu, Baohua Huang, Lin Lei, Yu Jing Lu, Jin Lin Zhou, Wing Leung Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The rhamnosyl group of naringin dihydrochalcone, neohesperidin dihydrochalcone, naringin and hesperidin was selectively removed by enzymatic hydrolysis using an immobilised α-L-rhamnosidase. Monoglycosylated products, including trilobatin, hesperetin dihydrochalcone-7-O-glucoside, prunin and hesperetin-7-O-glucoside, were isolated and characterised by 1H and 13C NMR and ESI-MS. To optimise the enzymatic reaction conditions and its process costs, the hydrolysis of neohesperidin dihydrochalcone to produce trilobatin was selected as a model reaction. Using a ratio of neohesperidin dihydrochalcone: immobilised α-L-rhamnosidase equal to 1:0.6, the trilobatin yields was over 98%. The recycle of enzyme was also investigated, obtaining trilobatin with a yields of 80% even when the twentieth reaction cycle was conducted. Moreover, antiradical and antimicrobial activities of the obtained flavonoid monoglucosides were examined by DPPH, FRAP and ORAC methods, and compared with the efficacy of parental flavonoid glycosides and their aglycone. The results highlight that some of the obtained flavonoid monoglucosides show significant improvement in the antioxidant activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2854-2862
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Food Science and Technology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Antioxidants
  • citrus flavanone
  • hydrolysis
  • immobilised rhamnosidase
  • monoglucosides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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