Process control of charging and discharging of magnetically suspended flywheel energy storage system

Biao Xiang, Xiang Wang, Wai On Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Flywheel energy storage system (FESS) is an energy conversion device designed for energy transmission between mechanical energy and electrical energy. There are high requirements on the power capacity, the charging efficiency and the output precision of FESS. Active magnetic bearings are used to suspend the flywheel (FW) rotor of the FESS in air to eliminate friction. A high rotating speed of the flywheel can increase the power capacity but it also increases the disturbance load torque on the FW rotor. An observation control model of load torque is therefore proposed to mitigate the disturbance load torque acting on magnetically suspended FESS (MS-FESS) during the charging process. Moreover, for the discharging process of MS-FESS, a compound control model combing the sliding model control and the extend state observer is proposed to improve the response speed and the output voltage precision. Simulations and experiments are conducted to testify the control performances of proposed control models during the charging and discharging processes of a MS-FESS. The charging efficiency is improved by 17.6% with 46.6% reduction of the output voltage error after using the proposed control models for the charging and discharging process control. The proposed control method has high potential to be applied for process control of charging and discharging of practical MS-FESS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103629
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Charging process
  • Compound control
  • Discharging process
  • Flywheel energy storage system
  • Observation control model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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