Proactive behavior-based safety management for construction safety improvement

Heng Li, Miaojia Lu, Shu-Chien Hsu, Matthew Gray, Ting Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

268 Citations (Scopus)


Construction is one of the most hazardous industries due to its dynamic, temporary, and decentralized nature. The Hong Kong Commissioner for Labor identifies worker behavior as the root cause of construction accidents. Behavior-based safety (BBS) is one effective approach in managing employee safety issues. However, there is little research on the application of BBS in the construction industry. This research proposes an extension of the BBS approach, proactive behavior-based safety (PBBS), to improve construction safety. PBBS integrates the theory of BBS with the technology of Proactive Construction Management System (PCMS). The innovations of PBBS are: (1) automatically monitoring location-based behaviors; (2) quantitatively measuring safety performance; (3) investigating potential causes of unsafe behaviors; and (4) improving the efficiency of safety management. A pilot study of a Hong Kong construction site practicing PBBS was conducted. The experiment results showed that PBBS performed well on construction accident prevention and the Safety Index (SI) of the two project teams, with increased improvements by 36.07% and 44.70% respectively. It is concluded that PBBS is effective and adaptable to construction industry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-117
Number of pages11
JournalSafety Science
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015


  • Behavior-based safety
  • Building information modeling
  • Construction safety
  • Real-time location system
  • Virtual construction simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Proactive behavior-based safety management for construction safety improvement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this