Arginine methylation is a post-translational modification that plays pivotal roles in signal transduction and gene transcription during cell fate determination. We found protein methyltransferase 6 (PRMT6) to be frequently downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its expression to negatively correlate with aggressive cancer features in HCC patients. Silencing of PRMT6 promoted the tumor-initiating, metastasis, and therapy resistance potential of HCC cell lines and patient-derived organoids. Consistently, loss of PRMT6 expression aggravated liver tumorigenesis in a chemical-induced HCC PRMT6 knockout (PRMT6−/−) mouse model. Integrated transcriptome and protein-protein interaction studies revealed an enrichment of genes implicated in RAS signaling and showed that PRMT6 interacted with CRAF on arginine 100, which decreased its RAS binding potential and altered its downstream MEK/ERK signaling. Our work describes a critical repressive function for PRMT6 in maintenance of HCC cells by regulating RAS binding and MEK/ERK signaling via methylation of CRAF on arginine 100. RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK pathway signaling is known to be frequently activated in cancers, in which it regulates cell growth, malignant transformation, drug resistance, and stemness. Using hepatocellular carcinoma as a model system, Chan et al. describe a mechanism by which this oncogenic signaling pathway is regulated by PRMT6 at the post-translational level via arginine methylation.
- arginine methylation
- cancer stemness
- tumor-initiating cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)