Principle of Life Cycle Assessment and Cumulative Exergy Demand for Biodiesel Production: Farm-To-Combustion Approach

Ashkan Nabavi-Pelesaraei, Shahin Rafiee, Naghmeh Mohammadkashi, Kwok wing Chau, Fatemeh Mostashari-Rad

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


Decreasing petroleum sources and growing requests for emission attributes of fossil fuel combustion and energy lead to researches on clean, accessible, and inexpensive energy resources. On the other hand, environmental burden that is imposed on nature through biodiesel production and its combustion has also been considered in recent years. Previous studies also focused on the production process and sometimes the exhaust emissions. However, in order to adopt the right policies, a comprehensive analysis requires a review of the entire process from farm-to-combustion. Besides, environmental studies without considering the energy consumption cannot indicate the efficiency of the produced biodiesel. Therefore, the cumulative exergy demand (CExD) method, as a new approach in determining the amount of useful energy consumed in systems, has been used for several years and the lack of this approach can be seen in the study of biofuel production. Accordingly, in this chapter, all stages of biodiesel production from cradle-to-grave including agricultural phase, oil extraction, biodiesel production, combustion and finally power generation are studied from life cycle assessment (LCA) and CExD point of view. Moreover, all these steps along with how to interpret the results are explained with examples.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Energy and Technology
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages43
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Publication series

NameGreen Energy and Technology
ISSN (Print)1865-3529
ISSN (Electronic)1865-3537


  • Bioenergy
  • Biofuel
  • Environmental impact
  • Exergy
  • Oilseed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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