Prevalence of anxiety and depression in Australian adolescents: Comparisons with worldwide data

Candice P. Boyd, Eleonora Gullone, Marion Kostanski, Thomas H. Ollendick, Tan Lei Shek

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

92 Citations (Scopus)


Data from two Australian studies were combined so that the prevalence of anxiety and depression in a large, normative sample of Australian adolescents could be investigated. The combined sample comprised 1,299 adolescents randomly selected from metropolitan and country schools in Melbourne, a large Australian city. The data were examined in order to ascertain the percentages of adolescents who scored above the clinical cut-off on two self-report instruments - the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (C. R. Reynolds & B. O. Richmond, 1985) and the Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale (W. M. Reynolds, 1986). The results of these analyses were then compared with previously reported prevalence rates from studies worldwide. This comparison revealed striking differences in the prevalence of anxiety and depression across different countries and cultures. Limitations attributable to different self-report measures and imposed-etic approaches are discussed. Issues pertaining to social and political climate are also raised.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-492
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Genetic Psychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescence
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Prevalence rates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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