Prevalence and correlates of metabolic syndrome in Hong Kong Chinese adults—a random community sample study

Siu Man Ng, Xuebing Su

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The study investigates the prevalence and correlates of metabolic syndrome (MS) among Hong Kong Chinese adults. Random cluster sampling design and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) MS criteria were adopted. Totally 737 adults participated in questionnaire survey and received waist circumference (WC) measurement. Among them 335 showed central obesity (WC > 80 and 85 cm for women and men respectively). Subsequently 229 accepted blood test. Totally 71 participants met MS criteria, suggesting an overall prevalence of 14.1%. Both central obesity and MS increase sharply with age. Chi-square/ANOVA analyses revealed significant positive associations between central obesity with: being male, marital status being married/cohabit, lower education level, occupation as managers or housewives, and alcohol consumption. For MS, the significant positive correlates were: lower education level, occupation as service workers or housewives, lower income level, and alcohol consumption. After controlling for age, binary logistic regression analyses suggested the significant risk factors for central obesity were being male (OR = 1.4), married/cohabit (OR = 1.8), longer working hours (OR = 1.5), eating less vegetables (OR = 1.5), and alcohol consumption (OR = 1.8). For MS, only alcohol consumption appeared to be a significant risk factor (OR = 2.3). Multivariate binary logistic regressions also supported that age group and alcohol consumption were significant predictors of MS. To conclude, adopting randomized cluster sampling and IDF criteria, the study revealed a prevalence rate of MS at 14.1%. Alcohol consumption appears to be the strongest risk factor of MS, which however needs further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-495
Number of pages11
JournalPsychology, Health and Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • central obesity
  • Chinese
  • cluster sampling
  • Metabolic syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence and correlates of metabolic syndrome in Hong Kong Chinese adults—a random community sample study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this