Preparation of supported carbon molecular sieve membrane from novolac phenol-formaldehyde resin

Wei Wei, Guotong Qin, Haoquan Hu, Longbo You, Guohua Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An asymmetric carbon membrane was prepared by coating alcohol solution of novolac phenol-formaldehyde resin containing a little hexamine on a porous resin support from the same material. After drying in air for two days at room temperature, the coated support was heated at 150 °C for 1 h in air (heating rate: 0.5 °C/min) and then carbonized at 800 °C (heating rate: 0.5 °C/min) in Ar atmosphere. The support and the membrane layer were carbonized simultaneously. The coating-pyrolysis cycle only needed one time. SEM photographs showed the carbon membrane had an asymmetric structure formed by a dense skin layer with a thickness of around 35 μm and a porous substrate. Pure gases of different molecular size (H2, CO2, O2, N2and CH4) were used to test the carbon membrane permeance property. The membrane has a good selectivity for H2/N2and H2/CH4with H2permeance of 4.05 × 10-6cm3cm-2s-1cmHg-1. The permeance is independent of pressure. The results indicate that the gases transport through the membrane according to molecular sieve mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-85
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume303
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon membrane
  • Gas separation
  • Molecular sieve
  • Phenol-formaldehyde resin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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