Preparation of Cs-Fe@Fe3O4 nanocomposite as an efficient and recyclable adsorbent for azo dyes removal

Shengyan Pu, Miaoting Wang, Kexin Wang, Yaqi Hou, Jing Yu, Qingqing Shi, Xiangjun Pei, Wei Chu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As an effective and in situ purification strategy, adsorption technology has drawn much attention and recently the utilization of biomass substrate has been regarded as a promising way to enhance the adsorption performance and reduce cost. In this study, chitosan was applied as matrix and the magnetic Fe-crosslinked chitosan (CS-Fe@Fe3O4) composite was obtained through a chelation procedure with cheap and environmentally friendly chitosan and iron salts. Then, the resultant CS-Fe@Fe3O4 composites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetric analysis. The sorption and desorption of methyl orange (MO), a common type of azo dye, on CS-Fe@Fe3O4 composite was systematically studied to understand its availability for dyeing wastewater. The results revealed that CS-Fe@Fe3O4 composites could efficiently remove MO in a wide pH range. The mixed Fe3O4 particles were physically mixed and almost had no negative effect on its adsorption. Moreover, the dye adsorption process was found to be controlled by the pseudo-second-order rate model and the adsorption isotherm behavior could be described by the Langmuir model. The repeatability test showed that the CS-Fe@Fe3O4 composites could retain its high efficiency after desorption and regeneration. In summary, the results presented herein indicated that the resultant CS-Fe@Fe3O4 nanocomposite with high adsorption efficiency and strong magnetic property could serve as a potential adsorbent for remediating industrial dyeing wastewater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-332
Number of pages14
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume95
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Adsorption kinetics
  • Azo dyes
  • Fe-crosslinked chitosan
  • Magnetic adsorbent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Pollution

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