We report a newly developed carbazoyl-derived P,N-type phosphine ligand (L1) for the monoarylation of acetone with aryl chlorides. The proposed Pd(dba)2/L1 catalyst exhibited remarkable catalytic reactivity toward highly electron rich and sterically congested aryl chlorides, with catalyst loading as low as 0.1 mol % of Pd along with excellent chemoselectivity. A reaction rate study of the system using electronically diverse aryl chlorides determined the mechanisms regarding the rate-limiting steps in this reaction. The oxidative addition adduct of Pd-PhenCar-Phos with p-chlorotoluene showed the participation of N-Pd coordination in the metal complex. The isolated palladium complex C1 could be utilized as a precatalyst in the transformation and achieved performance comparable to that of the in situ generated palladium species.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry