Preparation and property evaluation of conductive hydrogel using poly (vinyl alcohol)/polyethylene glycol/graphene oxide for human electrocardiogram acquisition

Xueliang Xiao, Guanzheng Wu, Hongtao Zhou, Kun Qian, Jinlian Hu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Conductive hydrogel combined with Ag/AgCl electrode is widely used in the acquisition of bio-signals. However, the high adhesiveness of current commercial hydrogel causes human skin allergies and pruritus easily after wearing hydrogel for electrodes for a long time. In this paper, a novel conductive hydrogel with good mechanical and conductive performance was prepared using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), polyethylene glycol (PEG), and graphene oxide (GO) nanoparticles. A cyclic freezing-thawing method was employed under processing conditions of -40 ° C (8 h) and 20 ° C (4 h) separately for three cycles in sequence until a strong conductive hydrogel, namely, PVA/PEG/GO gel, was obtained. Characterization (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, scanning electron microscopy) results indicated that the assembled hydrogel was successfully prepared with a three-dimensional network structure and, thereafter, the high strength and elasticity due to the complete polymeric net formed by dense hydrogen bonds in the freezing process. The as-made PVA/PEG/GO hydrogel was then composited with nonwoven fabric for electrocardiogram (ECG) electrodes. The ECG acquisition data indicated that the prepared hydrogel has good electro-conductivity and can obtain stable ECG signals for humans in a static state and in motion (with a small amount of drift). A comparison of results indicated that the prepared PVA/PEG/GO gel obtained the same quality of ECG signals with commercial conductive gel with fewer cases of allergies and pruritus in volunteer after six hours of wear.
Original languageEnglish
Article number259
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2017


  • Conductive polymeric hydrogel
  • Cyclic freezing-thawing method
  • Electrocardiogram signal
  • Electrocardiogram signalcyclic freezing-thawing method
  • Mechanical performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

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