Preparation and characterization of magnetic Fe3O 4-polypyrrole nanoparticles

Jianguo Deng, Chuanlan He, Xinping Long, Yuxing Peng, Pei Li, Albert S C Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel approach to synthesize core-shell nanoparticles with Fe 3O4 as the magnetic core and PPY as the conducting shell was investigated. The Fe3O4 nanoparticles primarily prepared by precipitation-oxidation method, and the Fe3O 4-PPY nanoparticles with core-shell structure was synthesized via an in-situ polymerization of pyrrole monomer in an aqueous solution containing well-dispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles and surfactant NaBS. The particles are almost spherical with diameters ranging from 20-30 nm. These particles are polydisperse and some of them agglomerated due to magneto-dipole interactions between particles. 70% to 80% of the Fe3O 4-PPY particles are ranged from 30-40 nm in diameter. The core-shell structure of nanoparticles was evidenced by TEM observations. The Fe 3O4 content was found to affect significantly both the conductivity and the magnetization of the resulting PPY composites. When 9% Fe3O4 was incorporated into PPY, the conductivity of PPY composite was greatly reduced from 6.52 × 10-3 to 1.94 × 10-4 S/cm. Further increasing of Fe3O4 content from 8.2% to 28.2 wt%, resulted in slight reduction of the conductivity at room temperature. The decrease in conductivity of Fe3O4-PPY composites with increasing Fe3O4 content was due to a decrease in the doping degree, assigned as S/N ratio. The S/N ratios decrease from 0.34 to 0.19 with increasing Fe3O4 content from 0 to 28.2%. The magnetic properties of the Fe3O4-PPY nanocomposites depend on the Fe3O4 content too. Increasing Fe3O4 content from 0 to 28.2% considerably increased both the saturated magnetization (Ms) and the coercive force (Hc) from 0 to 23.42 emu/g and 0 to 45.2 Oe, respectively. Since PPY powder is not magnetic, the ferromagnetic properties of the composites are attributed to the magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The magnetic Fe 3O4 nanoparticles can improve the thermal stability of Fe3O4-polypyrrole nanocomposites due to interaction between Fe3O4 particles and PPY chains.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-397
Number of pages5
JournalActa Polymerica Sinica
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2003

Keywords

  • Core/shell structure
  • Emulsion polymerization
  • Fe O 3 4
  • Nanoparticle
  • Polypyrrole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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