Preferential orientation of titanium carbide films deposited by a filtered cathodic vacuum arc technique

Xing Zhao Ding, B. K. Tay, H. S. Tan, Shu Ping Lau, W. Y. Cheung, S. P. Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Titanium carbide films with a thickness of approximately 100-nm were deposited on Si(100) substrates by a filtered cathodic vacuum arc technique. The composition and microstructure of the films were assessed by Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and atomic force microscopy. A negative bias voltage (Vs= 0 ∼ - 1000 V) was applied to the substrate during deposition, and the influence of Vson the crystalline orientation of the as-deposited films was investigated. It was found that the crystallites are randomly oriented in the film deposited at Vs= 0 V. In the bias voltage range of Vs= -40 ∼ - 500 V, the titanium carbide films exhibited a (111) preferential orientation. When Vswas increased to - 1000 V, however, the film was (100) preferentially oriented. The compressive internal stress, determined by the radius of curvature technique, in the titanium carbide films exhibited a minimum value at approximately Vs= - 80 ∼ - 120 V. The (111) preferential orientation can be explained by minimization of elastic energy storage in the films; while the (100) preferential orientation in the film deposited at Vs= - 1000 V is due to the sputter channeling effect, because the (100) direction in the TiC lattice shows the most open channeling direction and therefore the lowest sputtering yield.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-306
Number of pages6
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Filtered cathodic vacuum arc deposition
  • Preferential orientation
  • Titanium carbide film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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