Predictors of family happiness in the COVID-19 pandemics

Shun Chan, Aderonke Odetayo, Jenny Tse, Daphne Sze Ki Cheung, Ken Hok Man Ho, Summer Siu, Simon Ching Lam

Research output: Unpublished conference presentation (presented paper, abstract, poster)Conference presentation (not published in journal/proceeding/book)Academic researchpeer-review


Purpose: Numerous research reported that COVID-19 adversely affects individual mental wellness, except for family wellness. Happy, which is regarded as a prerequisite of mental wellness, has less chance to prone to mental disorders. Hence, the study aimed to investigate the predictors of family happiness during COVID-19.

Methods: A repeated cross-sectional online survey collected a convenience sampling of 2,971 adults in April2021 (n=1,338, end of 4th wave) and March 2022 (n=1,633, severe outbreak of 5th wave) during the COVID-19. A self-administered questionnaire included demographics, individual and family happiness, and family solidarity (family atmosphere, family time, care and support).

Results: The demographics between 2021 and 2022 were similar (70% female, 80% 19-54 years old, and 55%tertiary-educated). The family and individual happiness from 2021 to 2022 significantly dropped from7.26/10 to 6.98/10, and 6.81/10 to 6.59/10 (p< 0.001), respectively. Regression analysis indicated that individual happiness (β=0.39-0.47) and family solidarity (β=0.35-0.41) consistently predicted family happiness(p< 0.001) regardless of the severity of the pandemics. Subgroup analysis showed that fatherhood status demonstrated better in most of the variables.

Conclusions: The result indicated that the severity of the outbreak contributed to the difference in family and individual happiness. Individual happiness and family solidarity served as protective factors for family happiness.

Policy implications: The devastating toll COVID-19 has had on family happiness and mental wellness. Nursing care for the family as a whole is rarely mentioned. This result informed the public health policy to emphasize family wellness against the distress of a pandemic outbreak.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 27 Oct 2022
Event2022 Health Policy Conference. From Reflection to Impact: Positioning Nursing's Future - Marriott Marquis, Washington, DC, United States
Duration: 27 Oct 202229 Oct 2022
Conference number: 1305564


Conference2022 Health Policy Conference. From Reflection to Impact: Positioning Nursing's Future
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWashington, DC
Internet address


  • Happiness
  • family
  • covid-19
  • predictors


Dive into the research topics of 'Predictors of family happiness in the COVID-19 pandemics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this