Prediction of resilient modulus of compacted saprolitic soils by CBR approach for road pavement subgrade: A re-examination

Gordon Lai Ming Leung, Alan Wing Gun Wong, Yuhong Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


The scope of the study as presented in this paper is to re-examine the prediction of resilient modulus (Mr) by the classical California Bearing Ratio (CBR) approach, specifically for compacted saprolitic subgrade soils. Through the extensive experiments carried out for this research, a more precise model yielded to estimate Mrbased on CBR values and the relative degrees of soil compaction. Likewise, comments are also made critically for the suitability of using the well-known models which were developed during the past decades. In addition to the core results, this study has produced a number of other important findings: (1) the influence of soil compaction densities on CBR and Mris relatively significant when soil is relatively dry, whereas saturation ratio becomes a dominant factor while the soil is in wetter condition; (2) when the saturation ratio becomes dominant, the soil material could rarely reach a CBR of 5% or above, which was often regarded as competent materials by many design standards; (3) the moisture ratio (Rm) of the saprolitic subgrade materials is one of the useful parameters in estimating Mrand (4) the distinctive behaviours of saprolitic subgrade soils under CBR, unconfined compressive strength and repeated load tests are considered to be related to the degree of freedom of volume change for soil samples during the tests.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-417
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Pavement Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013


  • California Bearing Ratio
  • completely decomposed granite
  • moisture ratio
  • resilient modulus
  • saprolitic subgrade soils
  • unconfined compressive strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials


Dive into the research topics of 'Prediction of resilient modulus of compacted saprolitic soils by CBR approach for road pavement subgrade: A re-examination'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this