Pre-task planning effects on learner engagement in face-to-face and synchronous computer-mediated communication

Xuyan Qiu, Gavin Bui

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the effects of pre-task planning on English as a second language (ESL) learners’ engagement in oral tasks in the face-to-face real-time communication (FTF) and synchronous video-based computer-mediated communication (SvCMC) modes. A total of 36 ESL learners performed two decision-making tasks (with versus without pre-task planning) in dyads in the FTF or the SvCMC mode. Their oral discourse of tasks was analysed via seven indicators in terms of behavioral, cognitive and social engagement. Their emotional engagement was captured via an interview immediately after the task performance. As the results showed, pre-task planning did not significantly affect the learners’ behavioral, cognitive and social engagement in either the FTF or the SvCMC condition. In SvCMC, more negotiations on content were produced when there was no planning time, but such a difference was not observed among the FTF learners. Mixed affective responses were reported on pre-task planning and the two task modalities. The findings yield pedagogical implications for second language (L2) teaching in the face-to-face and online contexts.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLanguage Teaching Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • computer-mediated communication
  • face-to-face communication
  • learner engagement
  • pre-task planning
  • task-based interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language


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