Practical polarization maintaining optical fibre temperature sensor for harsh environment application

Yuanhong Yang, Haiyun Xia, Wei Jin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


A reflection spot temperature sensor was proposed based on the polarization mode interference in polarization maintaining optical fibre (PMF) and the phenomenon that the propagation constant difference of the two orthogonal polarization modes in stressing structures PMF is sensitive to temperature and the sensing equation was obtained. In this temperature sensor, a broadband source was used to suppress the drift due to polarization coupling in lead-in/lead-out PMF. A characteristic and performance investigation proved this sensor to be practical, flexible and precise. Experimental results fitted the theory model very well and the noise-limited minimum detectable temperature variation is less than 0.01 °C. The electric arc processing was investigated and the differential propagation constant modifying the PMF probe is performed. For the demand of field hot-spot monitoring of huge power transformers, a remote multi-channel temperature sensor prototype has been made and tested. Specially coated Panda PMF that can stand high temperatures up to 250 °C was fabricated and used as probe fibres. The sensor probes were sealed within thin quartz tubes that have high voltage insulation and can work in a hot oil and vapour environment. Test results show that the accuracy of the system is better than 0.5 °C within 0 °C to 200 °C.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3235-3240
Number of pages6
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2007


  • Hotspot field monitoring
  • Polarization maintaining fibre
  • Power transformers
  • Spot temperature sensor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Mathematics


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