In optical fiber transmission systems using inline amplifiers, the interaction of signal and amplifier noise through the Kerr effect leads to nonlinear (NL) phase noise that impairs detection of phase-modulated signals. We study the minimization of the total phase noise variance (linear, NL, and receiver) by using a power profile along the link that is linear (on a decibel scale) with distance. For DPSK systems with direct detection, a total variance reduction of 65% can be achieved by designing the transmitted power to be about 8 dB higher than the received power in typical terrestrial links. In addition, for a given transmitted power and received power, the optimal power profile along the link is numerically determined.
- Optical fiber amplifier
- Optical Keer effect
- Phase noise
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering