Potential of piezoelectric elements in the monitoring of composite manufacturing process

Xiaoming Wang, Lin Ye, Yiu Wing Mai, Claus Ehlers, Christian Kissinger, Manfred Neitzel

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


A piezoelectric wafer is embedded in a glass fibre preform that is placed in a mould for resin transfer moulding. The experiment shows that the resonant characteristics of a transfer function, in terms of the ratio between the electric voltage output from the piezoelectric wafer and the input to an electric circuit cascaded with the wafer, depend on resin injecting and curing process, and indicates the beginning and end of the resin injection as well as the end of the exothermic reaction in composite manufacturing with the resin transfer moulding. The relationships of the resonant response to the resin flow and curing can then provide a basis for a prospective in situ monitoring technique of the composite manufacturing. The paper specifically reveals that the mechanical impedance, contributed by surroundings and the resin flow, curing and exothermic induced temperature change, can be correlated with or extracted from the transfer function amplitude that is experimentally obtained at the anti-resonant frequency of the piezoelectric wafer in air. It also provides information about the flow front position and curing state of the resin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1073-1078
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanical Engineering


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