Positive youth development in junior secondary school students : do gender and time matter?

Tan Lei Shek, Ka Yu Florence Wu

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review


There is a dearth of studies examining gender and time differences in positive youth development attributes among Chinese adolescents. To fill this research gap, this study examined the direct effects of gender and time and the interaction effect of gender and time on different indicators of positive youth development. Over 3 years, the data were collected from a sample of junior secondary school students randomly drawn from secondary schools in Hong Kong. The results showed that gender effect was significant. While boys scored higher than girls on cognitive-behavioral competence and positive identity, girls were found to score higher than boys on prosocial attributes and general positive youth development qualities. Significant time differences were found for some indicators of positive youth development. No interaction effect of gender and time was found. The theoretical and practical implications of the findings were discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChinese adolescents in Hong Kong : family life, psychological well-being and risk behavior
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9789812871435, 9812871438
ISBN (Print)9789812871428
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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