Positive affectivity and negative outcomes: The role of tenure and job satisfaction

Michelle K. Duffy, Daniel C. Ganster, Jason DeFrance Shaw

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the authors proposed and tested a 3-way interaction among positive affectivity (PA), job satisfaction, and tenure in predicting negative employee outcomes. Specifically, the authors predicted that the relationship between job satisfaction and negative outcomes would be stronger for high PAs and that this relationship would be more pronounced for longer tenured employees. Results support this 3-way interaction in predicting job search behavior, physical health complaints, and counterproductive employee behavior. In particular, the relationship between job satisfaction and negative outcomes was most strongly negative for high-PA individuals with longer tenure. The authors discuss the implications of these results and some directions for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)950-959
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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