Pore-size tuning and optical performances of nanoporous gold films

A. Y. Chen, S. S. Shi, Y. D. Qiu, X. F. Xie, Haihui Ruan, J. F. Gu, D. Pan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Through pulse electrochemical dealloying (PED) and chemical dealloying (CD), a variety of nanoporous gold (NPG) films of 100 nm thickness with a wide range of pore size (4-140 nm) were prepared. The coarsening mechanism of pore and the effect of residual Ag on optical performances were investigated. The pore size was tuned by controlling the dissolution rate of active Ag atoms and surface diffusion rate of noble Au atoms along the alloy/solution interfaces. The maximum pore size of 140 nm was obtained by surfactant-assisted chemical dealloying (SA-CD) and the minimum pore size of 4 nm was achieved by PED. It is found that the surface diffusivity of gold in PED is about 0.4-2 × 10-20m2s-1, four orders of magnitude smaller than that in SA-CD (2.4 × 10-16m2s-1). Finally, optical performances of the NPG films were investigated by UV-vis and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectra. The results reveal that the NPG film with a pore size of 8 nm fabricated by PED exhibits higher surface-plasmon absorption and the strongest SERS effect.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-56
Number of pages7
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume202
Issue numberC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Dealloying
  • Nanoporous gold
  • Optical performance
  • Pore size
  • Surface diffusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials

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