Polyurethane Composites and Nanocomposites for Biomedical Applications

Jinlian Hu, Lin Tan

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Polyurethane (PU) composites have received increasing attention due to their enhanced properties and functions when compared with sole PU, and PU nanocomposites are superior to larger-sized ones to some extent. The suitable and successful combination of PU and other materials, such as polymer, carbon-based material, and bioceramic, will impart the composites with great potential to be applied in different biomedical fields, including wound dressing, tissue engineering, drug delivery and biosensor. This chapter reviews the current state of PU composite fabrication, the corresponding properties and functions. Particularly, the typical characteristics and preparation techniques are reviewed, and then several types of popular PU composites, as well as the corresponding applications in biomedical fields are summarized and discussed, such as PU-polymer type for wound dressing and PU-ceramic type for tissue engineering. The composites with unique functions or fabricated using functional PU, like shape memory polyurethane (SMPU), are highlighted and discussed, including their physicochemical, mechanical, thermal, and biological performance. Finally, the perspectives and challenges of PU composites are suggested, and the conception of potential possibilities to better apply such composites is also presented.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolyurethane Polymers
Subtitle of host publicationComposites and Nanocomposites
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages477-498
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9780128041024
ISBN (Print)9780128040652
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Biocomposites
  • Biomedical applications
  • Nanocomposites
  • Polyurethane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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