Pollutant emission and noise radiation from open and impinging inverse diffusion flames

Yat Sze Choy, H. S. Zhen, Chun Wah Leung, H. B. Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reports an experimental investigation of the pollutant emission and noise radiation characteristics of both open and impinging inverse diffusion flames (IDFs), produced by five burners of different air port diameter (dair=5, 6 and 6.84mm) and air-to-fuel spacing (S=8, 11.5 and 15mm). The effects of dair, S, overall equivalence ratio F{cyrillic} and nozzle-to-plate spacing H on the pollutant emissions of CO and NOxand the noise radiation are examined.The results show that at fixed air flow rate, a smaller daircurtails NOxemission but augments noise radiation, indicative of a role played by turbulence, which tends to decrease pollutant emission and increase noise radiation. A larger S reduces NOxemission but increases noise radiation, indicating that different flame zones may be responsible for pollutant emission and noise radiation. When the IDF is under stoichiometric F{cyrillic}=1.6, both the NOxemission and noise radiation are highest, as a result of maximum heat release rate. A comparison of EINOxfor the open and impinging IDFs shows that the impinging IDFs emit more NOxprobably due to the absence of NO reburning. The impinging IDFs have higher noise radiation than the corresponding open IDFs. A higher level of noise radiation from the impinging IDFs is observed as the target plate is brought closer to the burner.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-89
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Energy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012


  • Combustion noise
  • Emission index
  • Inverse diffusion flame
  • LPG/air combustion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • General Energy


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