Polarization Selection in Birefringent Antiresonant Reflecting Optical Waveguide-Type Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


The influence of spatial hole burning and thermal lensing effects on the polarization selection mechanism of the birefringent antiresonant reflecting optical waveguide (ARROW) type vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) is studied. Competition between the two orthogonal polarizations with a similar fundamental lateral-mode profile, arising from refractive index anisotropies inside the laser cavities, is considered in the analysis. It can be shown that the single-mode operation of ARROW VCSELs is more stable than that of simplified-ARROW VCSELs provided that strong confinement of injection current as well as minimization of thermal lensing effects can be realized. In addition, a small refractive index difference is adequate to ensure stable single-mode operation in ARROW VCSELs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1362-1371
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Birefringence
  • Optical polarization
  • Semiconductor laser modeling
  • Spatial hole burning
  • Thermal lensing effect
  • Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this