A novel type of polarization converters (PCs) based on highly birefringent (Hi-Bi) microfibers is presented. Analytical formulation based on the Jones Matrix method and a numerical code based on the Full Vectorial Finite Difference Beam Propagation Method are developed to analyze the polarization evolutions in such PCs. Two different design configurations, namely the "one-side" and "two-side" perturbation configurations, are studied by use of the two methods, and the results obtained agree well with each others. The PCs can be flexibly designed to have different operating wavelengths, spectral bandwidths, and devices lengths. A particular PC based on an elliptical microfiber demonstrates a bandwidth of ∼ 600 nm around 1550 nm with a device length of ∼ 150 μm.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics