Time-integrated and femtosecond time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy has been used to study the dynamic emission polarization anisotropy for thin films of a conjugated polymer whose chains had been aligned through a nanoimprinting technique. The results indicate a high degree of chain alignment, with the presence of a small fraction of unaligned chain domains in film regions far from the imprinted surface. The time-averaged emission from aligned domains is found to be slightly shifted to higher photon energies compared to that from more disordered film regions. This effect is attributed to a subtly different chain packing geometry in the more aligned regions of the film, which leads to a reduced exciton diffusivity and inhibits energetic relaxation of the exciton in the inhomogeneously broadened density of states. While for an unaligned reference film, exciton migration results in a nearly complete depolarization of the emission over the first 300 ps, for the aligned films, interchain exciton hopping from unaligned to aligned domains is found to increase the anisotropy over the same time scale. In addition, excitons generated in aligned film domains were found to be slightly more susceptible to nonradiative quenching effects than those in disordered regions deeper inside the film, suggesting a marginally higher defect density near the nanoimprinted surface of the aligned film.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 20 Mar 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics