PM2.5and PM10-2.5chemical composition and source apportionment near a Hong Kong roadway

Yan Cheng, Shuncheng Lee, Zhaolin Gu, Kinfai Ho, Yunwei Zhang, Yu Huang, Judith C. Chow, John G. Watson, Junji Cao, Renjian Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

124 Citations (Scopus)


Twenty-four-hour PM2.5and PM10samples were collected simultaneously at a highly trafficked roadside site in Hong Kong every sixth day from October 2004 to September 2005. The mass concentrations of PM2.5, PM10-2.5(defined as PM10- PM2.5), organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), water-soluble ions, and up to 25 elements were determined. Investigation of the chemical compositions and potential sources revealed distinct differences between PM2.5and PM10-2.5. The annual average mass concentrations were 55.5 ± 25.5 and 25.9 ± 15.7 μg/m3for PM2.5and PM10-2.5, respectively. EC, OM (OM = OC × 1.4), and ammonium sulfate comprised over ∼82% of PM2.5, accounting for ∼29%, ∼27%, and ∼25%, respectively, of the PM2.5mass. Low OC/EC ratios (less than 1) for PM2.5suggested that fresh diesel-engine exhaust was a major contributor. Seven sources were resolved for PM2.5by positive matrix factorization (PMF) model, including vehicle emissions (∼29%), secondary inorganic aerosols (∼27%), waste incinerator/biomass burning (∼23%), residual oil combustion (∼10%), marine aerosols (∼6%), industrial exhaust (∼4%), and resuspended road dust (∼1%). EC and OM comprised only ∼19% of PM10-2.5. The average OC/EC ratio of PM10-2.5was 7.8 ± 14.2, suggesting that sources other than vehicular exhaust were important contributors. The sources for PM10-2.5determined by the PMF model included ∼20% traffic-generated resuspension (e.g., tire dust/brake linear/petrol evaporation), ∼17% locally resuspended road dust, ∼17% marine aerosols, ∼12% secondary aerosols/field burning, and ∼11% vehicle emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-104
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Chemical composition
  • Hong Kong
  • PM 10-2.5
  • PM 2.5
  • Roadside
  • Source apportionment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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