Planar Porous Graphene Woven Fabric/Epoxy Composites with Exceptional Electrical, Mechanical Properties, and Fracture Toughness

Xu Liu, Xinying Sun, Zhenyu Wang, Xi Shen, Ying Wu, Jang Kyo Kim

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Planar interconnected graphene woven fabrics (GWFs) are prepared by template-based chemical vapor deposition and the GWFs are employed as multifunctional filler for epoxy-based composites. Apart from flexibility, transparency, lightweight, and high electrical conductivity, the GWFs have unique morphological features consisting of orthogonally interweaved, inherently percolated, hollow graphene tubes (GTs). The orthogonal GT structure means that the GWF/epoxy composites hold significant anisotropy in mechanical and fracture properties. The composites with 0.62 wt % graphene deliver a combination of excellent electrical and fracture properties: e.g., an electrical conductivity of 0.18 S/cm; and fracture toughness of 1.67 and 1.78 MPa·m1/2 when loaded along the 0° and 45° directions relative to the GT direction, respectively, equivalent to notable 57% and 67% rises compared to the solid epoxy. Unique fracture processes in GWF/epoxy composites are identified by in situ examinations, revealing crack tip blunting that occurs when the crack impinges GTs, especially those at 45° to the crack growth direction, as well as longitudinal tearing of hollow GTs as the two major toughening mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21455-21464
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number38
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • anisotropic properties
  • fracture toughness
  • graphene woven fabric
  • orthogonal graphene tubes
  • porous structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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