Piezoelectric and pyroelectric properties of Cu-doped CaBi4Ti4O15lead-free ferroelectric ceramics

Kin Wing Kwok, H. Y. Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


Dense Cu-doped CaBi4Ti4O15ferroelectric ceramics have been fabricated by a conventional ceramic technique. After doping by Cu, the ceramics become denser, and their electrical, piezoelectric and pyroelectric properties are improved. At the optimum doping level of 0.5 mol%, the ceramic exhibits a high density (6940 kg m-3), a low dielectric constant (145), a low dielectric loss (0.12%), a high resistivity (2.5 × 1013Ω cm), a large piezoelectric coefficient (12.4 pC N-1) and a large pyroelectric coefficient (86 νC K-1m-2). Unlike the piezoelectric properties, the pyroelectric properties, in particular those relating to the pyroelectric detection, of the ceramics are good and comparable to those of the lead-based ferroelectric ceramics. For the ceramic doped with 0.5 mol% Cu, the voltage and detectivity figures of merit for pyroelectric detection have large values of 2.6 × 10-2m2C-1and 2.7 × 10-5Pa-1/2, respectively, indicating that it is a promising candidate for pyroelectric applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number095419
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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