Dense Cu-doped CaBi4Ti4O15ferroelectric ceramics have been fabricated by a conventional ceramic technique. After doping by Cu, the ceramics become denser, and their electrical, piezoelectric and pyroelectric properties are improved. At the optimum doping level of 0.5 mol%, the ceramic exhibits a high density (6940 kg m-3), a low dielectric constant (145), a low dielectric loss (0.12%), a high resistivity (2.5 × 1013Ω cm), a large piezoelectric coefficient (12.4 pC N-1) and a large pyroelectric coefficient (86 νC K-1m-2). Unlike the piezoelectric properties, the pyroelectric properties, in particular those relating to the pyroelectric detection, of the ceramics are good and comparable to those of the lead-based ferroelectric ceramics. For the ceramic doped with 0.5 mol% Cu, the voltage and detectivity figures of merit for pyroelectric detection have large values of 2.6 × 10-2m2C-1and 2.7 × 10-5Pa-1/2, respectively, indicating that it is a promising candidate for pyroelectric applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films