Physical properties of a sprinkler water spray

Wan Ki Chow, L. C. Shek

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reports an experimental study on the physical properties of a sprinkler water spray. The mass flux density, shape of spray pattern, size distribution and velocity of water droplets discharged from two types of 15 mm orifice sprinkler heads were measured. Three operating flow conditions of the sprinkler system, including one specified for the Ordinary Hazard class under the LPC rules for sprinkler design, were set. The sprinkler head was installed above finished floor levels of either 2 m or 2.2 m. The median droplet size was found to be related to the water pressure and the orifice diameter of the sprinkler head as proposed by Dundas. The droplet size distribution function can be fitted by a Rosin–Rammler function.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-292
Number of pages14
JournalFire and Materials
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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