Physical characterization of aerosol particles during the Chinese New Year's firework events

Min Zhang, Xuemei Wang, Jianmin Chen, Tiantao Cheng, Tao Wang, Xin Yang, Youguo Gong, Fuhai Geng, Changhong Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

101 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Measurements for particles 10nm to 10μm were taken using a Wide-range Particle Spectrometer during the Chinese New Year (CNY) celebrations in 2009 in Shanghai, China. These celebrations provided an opportunity to study the number concentration and size distribution of particles in an especial atmospheric pollution situation due to firework displays. The firework activities had a clear contribution to the number concentration of small accumulation mode particles (100-500nm) and PM1mass concentration, with a maximum total number concentration of 3.8×104cm-3. A clear shift of particles from nucleation and Aitken mode to small accumulation mode was observed at the peak of the CNY firework event, which can be explained by reduced atmospheric lifetimes of smaller particles via the concept of the coagulation sink. High particle density (2.7gcm-3) was identified as being particularly characteristic of the firework aerosols. Recalculated fine particles PM1exhibited on average above 150μgm-3for more than 12 hours, which was a health risk to susceptible individuals. Integral physical parameters of firework aerosols were calculated for understanding their physical properties and further model simulation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5191-5198
Number of pages8
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume44
Issue number39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Coagulation sink
  • Fireworks
  • Number concentration
  • Particle density
  • Shanghai
  • Size distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this